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Pledge of Resistance

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In the 1980’s, the Central American Pledge of Resistance (POR) created a widespread coordinated horizontal movement that was successful in preventing an all-out U.S. war in Nicaragua and El Salvador.  Using affinity groups, spokes councils, and local, regional, and national coordination structures, this movement we believe is especially apt for this political moment and can support and amplify the work that occupy is doing.

This model has been used a number of times, including the Iraq Pledge of Resistance at the beginning of the Iraq War, the Beyond Talk Climate Pledge of Resistance, and the newly launched Keystone XL Pledge of Resistance.

(You can check out one of the original Pledge of Resistance Manuals here –

You can read more about the Pledge of Resistances here-